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An evergreen Tree growing to 30m at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone 8 and is frost tender. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen from October to November. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. The plant prefers acid and neutral soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.
Gentis - Abies
Rūšis - Pindrow
Pavadinimas - Himalayan Fir
Spec. paruošimas - Būtinas
Klimato zonos - 8 - 9
Aukštis - 100' / 30 m
Plotis - 30-45' / 10 - 15 m
Augalo tipas - Tree
Vegetacijos tipas - Evergreen
Augimo vieta - Full Sun, Partial Sun
Augimo greitis - Vidutinis
Dirvos PH - Acidic, Neutral
Dirvos tipas - Clay, Loam, Sand, well drained
Drėgmės poreikis - Average Water
Naudojimas / paskirtis - Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break
Lapų / žiedų spalva - Green / --
Abies seeds need to be "overwintered" or startified before they will germinate.
Soak overnight then pre-chill (stratify) for 30 days.
Seeds can be stratified in dampened peat, sand or moist vermiculite , in a plastic box or bag at 4°C or 5°C in a refrigerator. The seeds should not be frozen or in a wet medium.
Seed can be sown in early February in a greenhouse or outdoors in March. Normally will only germinate with light, but the stratification (described above) can help to increase the germination rate.
Sow Abies seeds on the surface of a Peaty seed sowing mix.
Abies seeds will usually germinate in 21-40 days if overwintered and stratified or about 6 - 8 weeks if sown directly.
Soak seeds in cool water for two periods of 10 hours, but with a night break between them. Then after the second period, let the seeds drying out for a few hours. Next, put seeds into closed plastic bags but with little holes on the upper bag to allow gas exchanges. Place these bags in cold room/lower part of a refrigerator at +2° to +4°C. Check it out and stir it every 2 to 3 days to avoid mould development and watch also for the first appearing radicules. It usually takes 3 to 5 weeks to get about 10% of radicules to appear and then it's time for sowing.